MEDITATION

The aim of mindful awareness is the understanding that frees one from delusions and cravings. In Pali, such understanding is called vipassana ("penetrating seeing"), and it is under this name that the traditional practice of mindful awareness is often presented in the West today. Vipassana is often translated as "insight", and courses in "insight meditation" are offered.
This usage has led to some confusion. It has led to the impression that some Buddhists practise Vipassana while others (such as Zen practitioners or followers of Tibetan Buddhism) do not. In fact, Vipassana is central to all forms of Buddhist meditation practice. The distinctive goal of each Buddhist contemplative tradition is a state in which inner peace (samatha) is united with insight (vipassana). Over the centuries, each tradition has developed its own methods for realising this state. And it is in these methods that the traditions differ, not in their ultimate objective of unified tranquillity and insight.